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How to write the six parts of an essay

The Six Parts of an Essay


Photo and book by Anne Hart. Cover Letters, Follow-Ups, Queries & Book Proposals: Samples with Templates [Paperback].


How to Write the Six Parts of an Essay


© 2000 by Anne Hart


The point of this writing strategy is to find out what position your statement or essay will take. How will you research your persuasive writing? Your first step is to check back with the sources of your information to make sure it is correct and approved.


Never rely on information sent to you by email to pass on to another before first checking it out with the source to make sure it's current and correct. Writing persuasively often is about writing researched arguments.


There are other types of essays reflecting the point of view of one or many. Your first step is to take a position. Compare this position with the type of journalism that presents objectively straight news as facts that answer questions such as what, who, when, where, how, and why.


   1.    Statement-of-Position


The statement-of-position forum is about discussing the position you will take in all your essays for this course. There are six parts of an essay written for an academic environment that helps to organize the essay into a work where like      subjects are grouped together. The essay flows in linear or chronological order in what feels like concentric circles moving out, expanding over an area.


Also, the essay flows for easier understanding from first making a statement of position to the next idea that people need to        know which is description. After you describe the subject about which you're writing, you move on to your argumentation. Then you flesh-out your essay with exposition. Next you write your  supplementation.


This is where you put in additional  (supplementary) material to back up your argument and explain your exposition. Finally, you arrive at your evaluation where you come to a conclusion about your point of view. These are the  six parts of an essay: 1. statement-of-purpose, 2. description, 3. argumentation, 4. exposition, 5. supplementation, and 6. evaluation.


 This is the statement-of-position forum. Use it to discuss everything you want to say about your   statement-of-position.....that is, how you will state your position, what side you're on, what argument you will later make.


 Essay writing is useful in that it easily transfers over to debate and public speaking, or in the written world, in creating learning      materials and explaining your point of view by backing up your position or argument with credible facts from resources that can be checked. Here's where your library and/or Internet research comes in. Feel free to discuss your statement of position, or stand, your point of view.


2.       Description


Description is for you to freely express in writing how you will describe your topic, material, point of view, stand, statement-of-position, or subject about which you'll be writing   your essays. Here you will describe your research, your organization, how you will put together your essay to make it alive, animated, and go beyond flat writing to hold your reader's attention.


The forums on the discussion board are to discuss how you will be writing or have written your description in all your essays for this course. You can begin immediately to enter any and all forums and start discussing description.


 Your attendance grade also depends on your participation in all of the weekly forums on writing for an academic environment. Remember that       skills learned in this course can easily transfer and be used life-long for preparing learning materials, manuals, textbooks, and articles in any type of career or in any area of life where you'll be asked to state a position and write your point of view     backed up by research from credible resources.


 Feel free to start discussing "description," that is how you will describe and write about the material going into your essay based on library and/or Internet research. Your description     session may also include interviews with experts and quotes that can be fact-checked, or the more usual stance in essays, library or Internet research backed up by footnotes put on a separate page at the back of your essays.


Please don't put footnotes at the bottom of each page. Save your factual resource references for a separate page and number them. Put them at the back of each essay. Much Success.


3.       Argumentation


Argumentation may be discussed in the weekly forums.You can discuss how you intend to argue your point of view for each essay. Please contribute your discussion of the subject of  argument in essays to the weekly discussion board forums.


Your argumentation is about how you will prove your point by logical thinking in writing. This means back up your position or point of view by believable facts taken from your library research     or Internet research of credible Web sites.


 Arguing a point in an essay means using rational thinking to state a point of view or a topic or subject and then arguing to convince the reader that your point of view is believable by the use of research, quotes by experts, or other credible reading material where the facts can be checked by readers. You prove your argument by rational thinking and convincing the reader by facts that are not known to be flawed.


 Those who argue against your argument in essay writing, will point out that your research is flawed, or at least the resource you received your information from has flawed research, and they will state why the research is believed to be flawed, if they can prove that research is flawed. Arguments in an essay are always polite and focused on rational thinking, that is convincing, rather than "touching" the reader.


 When presenting argumentation in an academic essay, steer clear of emotional words that "touch" the reader and focus on logical/rational thinking words that "convince" the reader. The reason is that an essay in an academic environment does not make generalizations that will invite further argument against the generalizations. Instead, an argument presents evidence that can be fact-checked to see how credible, believable, responsible, and visible the resources/research are, and whether the research is flawed, or acceptable, provable.


 So use this argumentation area discussion board to freely argue your point of view with a goal of convincing the reader that what is in your essay is believable based on your research. Research can include library articles, quotes, Internet research, and facts by so-called experts.


Your field is open. Anything from science to business, arts to writing about fiction, careers, or your lifestyle is fine. Only pick a subject to argue about that can be backed up by facts from       credible research found in libraries and on believable Web sites.


When you argue your point, use words that are acceptable in an academic environment. Your essays will be posted for all to read. Your names will be removed and numbers given, to keep private who wrote what.

 Also, students are to be informed that anyone's essay belongs to the person who wrote it. That is, the work is copyrighted online by the person who wrote it, and no one is allowed to plagiarize anyone else's essay or take parts of it to use in the future. So please obey that one rule of keeping one's hands off any one writer's brains, unless you quote the person with written permission. The discussion boards are now open to discuss the topic of argumentation in essay writing and how to do it better.


 Argumentation never means anger or using "angry words." It means simply, presenting your EVIDENCE. You can always transfer these skills to public speaking, working in a law office, or working in government. And of course, argumentation always comes in handy when trying to convince the board of directors of any firm, of your suggestions. 

        4. Exposition


In essay writing, exposition means you take a topic and expand it, telling readers what you think that your topic means. You define your subject by writing exposition about it.


 Here you'll find the views of one person explained. That's what  an exposition is, to explain what you have to say. An exposition can make the complex simple. Its purpose is to explain so        readers will understand what you want to say and what you want readers to understand about your topic.


 Exposition can include a collection of letters on one subject by one person. Most important, exposition explains your VIEWS on a subject relative to the reader's particular condition or situation.


 An exposition usually is addressed to one reader or a group of readers, and is almost like a letter written in essay form. Within your essay, you'll use exposition after you state your argument.


Please note that argumentation and exposition can be written as two separate essays on two different topics. One topic could emphasize argumentation and the other essay or topic can        emphasize exposition.


Therefore, you are free to choose whether you want to write an essay that includes all six parts of an essay, or at least three. Or you may write four different essays each using one or more parts of an essay. For example, you may write one essay that     includes statement-of-purpose, description, and exposition.


You may write another essay that includes argument and supplementation with evaluation. Or you may write four different essays each always using the six elements of essay writing, that is statement-of-purpose, description, argumentation, exposition, supplementation, and evaluation, in that  chronological order going from describing the information to expanding it in concentric circles so to speak.


 Whatever you choose to put in your essay, it should have at least three of the six parts of essay writing for an academic environment. It is preferred if you can use all six elements in each essay. However you want to discuss your exposition        approaches, this discussion board is a forum for writing about and discussing how you write your exposition in essays.


Please use it to write freely about the approaches and methods you will take or have taken in writing exposition in essays. Exposition can begin with letters, as in "Letters to God" or it can be worked in to essays after argumentation to expand your views and make the complex more understandable to readers.


Here is a sample sentence from "an exposition." Note that an exposition can stand apart from an essay as an exposition by itself, or be part of an essay used to expand your views in order        to convince readers and make the complex easier to    understand.


        Sample sentence from an 1838 exposition:


        "But the Convention are persuaded, that publicity, rather than secrecy is the true policy to be pursued on this occasion; especially, when the subject is taken into view, in connexion with other truths, of high importance and certainty, which relate to it, and is placed in a just light; the evidence and force of which truths, thousands of this people, when informed, can clearly discern and estimate."


This is a long, run-on sentence that could have been simplified by being broken into several sentences that would be easier to follow. Make your exposition, in your essay, or as an essay by itself as exposition, a lot easier to understand than the example above. Use action verbs and shorter sentences. Use more verbs than adjectives. The author here is trying to inform people to clearly discern and estimate, in other words think for themselves and decide. Keep your informed argument simple to understand. Too much complexity is confusing.


        5. Supplementation


Supplement and expand your writing your writing with facts that can be believed and checked.  Use the discussion board forums to give your ideas and suggestions on how to better flesh-out your essays by adding facts that convince and help readers understand what you are trying to inform them about or disseminate. Is your essay for an intended audience? Are you going to re-package information?


What will you do to supplement your essay. What will you add to it to give your essay weight and credibility?  Discuss anything you want to express about supplementation. Will you use supplementation as the fifth part of an essay to show or illustrate in words using active verbs?


Try using nouns followed by a verbs instead of adjectives.  Your grade always depends in part on how much you discuss the parts of essays in these forums as well as writing and revising your essays, with different shades of weight, of course. So enjoy discussion supplementation at the forums and ask questions.


        6. Evaluation


At the end of your essay, you evaluate what you have written and come to a conclusion without stating in your essay, "in  conclusion," as that is a sign of an amateur essay writing. So don't write the words "in conclusion" or "finally."


Instead, at the   end of your essay, usually in the last two paragraphs or so, come to an evaluation and evaluate what you have written by making statements that finish up, summarize, or make a smooth transition to the end of your essay. You have to proceed in your essay to an ending. Use your ending to evaluate what you have said without repeating yourself.


Discuss the evaluation and ending part of all your essays. How will you finish your essay? What will you use toward the end to evaluate what you have said without summarizing and repeating what the readers have  already read? Avoid redundancy, but evaluate your essay in a new light not yet mentioned, and make your readers sit up in attention and read a new way you use to evaluate the information in your essay toward the end.


An example of an evaluation in an essay is to use action-oriented verbs and sentences under 10 words in length to evaluate or "weigh" your facts in the essay and convince readers or prove your point through evaluation. Evaluation often means giving evidence backed up by checked facts that are     timely or at least not proven to be flawed.


Evaluate your pros against your cons and weigh them. What side is heavier? What convinces? What evaluates? Without judging, you can evaluate, weigh, and come to a decision or choice and selection.


Select the facts. Weed out those that do not convince. Evaluate. Discuss how you will write your  evaluation section of your essay, usually toward the ending. Evaluations work best in the last two or three paragraphs of your essay. You may wish to check out websites such as "The Exposition of a Story | Novel Writing Help,"6 Ways to write an effective Exposition (with examples) - Booksoarus," or "Expository Writing - Stanford University." Or see, "Examples of Exposition," and "Writing First Person Exposition -- Advanced Fiction Writing Blog."